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Tuesday, 26 May 2015

Ancient Iron Works From South India

I came to know about the discovery from this website ,it also reminds me the case of  Hallur Horse.

Rare discovery pushes back Iron Age in India

Siddharth Tadepalli 

HYDERABAD: Iron Age may have come into existence in Telangana much before the rest of the world. At least that's the conclusion reached by archaeologists excavating the University of Hyderabad campus who found iron artefacts dating back to roughly 2,200 BCE.

The team of archaeologists, led by professor KP Rao, has found several artefacts, including small knives and blades besides earthen pots. "The implements that were found were tested at the National Geophysical Research Institute (NGRI) using a method called Optically Simulated Luminescence (OSL). The metal objects were dated to anywhere between 1800 BC and 2,400 BCE. So we are assuming they were made during 2200 BC," Prof KP Rao told TOI.

This, he said, predates the existing understanding about the advent of the Iron Age in the country. Worldwide, experts have put the dawn of the age around 1200 BC, marking the time when humans started exploiting metals to make basic tools.

"In India, it was understood that the Iron Age came into being around 1,800 BC in the Lahuradeva site in Uttar Pradesh. But this latest development shows that the Iron Age started much before that, at least in our country," Rao said.

"It only goes to show that our ancestors had a rudimentary yet good knowledge about wielding weapons made of metals. We had estimated that the only metal that was moulded was copper, but due to its scarce nature it was not a feasible option. The idea of using abundant iron ore for tools and weapons is a landmark achievement," he added.

The idea of using iron has only come to lead to more and more developments. "It is because of their advancements did we reach the space-age," he said.

Currently, archaeologists have excavated 25 burial sites in the UOH area and the samples have been subjected to DNA analysis.
Yog.
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6 comments:

Aram Palyan said...

Hi Nirjhar

Excuse me for offtop. Where I can read more about Your South Caspian-Central Asian version of PIE? You mean the article of Johan Nicols?

Nirjhar007 said...

Here-
http://new-indology.blogspot.in/2014/10/can-we-finally-identify-real-cradle-of.html
There are some unpublished ongoing stuff which will be published after some aDNA publications but you will get the base of the theory!:).

Aram Palyan said...

Thanks Nirjhar
I will read it.
Did You read Stanislav Grigoriev book?
I didn't read it, but overall he says that it is impossible that Indo-Iranians came from north. He is archaeologist. And he says this is the biggest problem of Steppe model.
https://www.academia.edu/3742220/Ancient_Indo-Europeans._Chelyabinsk_Rifei_2002_496_pp

Nirjhar007 said...

Yes it is Aram if we put simple logic and observation we find Indo-Iranians are not the people what Steppe theory wants to tell us which is also true in case of Armenians! here an article from Giacomo which dealt with the issue of Indo-Iranians you may like to read it, it also have given some interesting proposals for Sintasta,Arkaim, Andronovo etc-
http://new-indology.blogspot.in/2013/02/indo-iranians-new-perspectives.html
No i haven't read his book yet but i'm reading his research now thx!:) lets see if i find anything more interesting....

Aram Palyan said...

Ok I will read that also.

But on the other side there is the question of R1a-Z93 in Indo-Iranians and the R1b-Z2103 among Armenians. It seems they were evolving in the steppe. So where in Your opinion Z93 splited from R1a-M417?

Nirjhar007 said...

I think its difficult to say confidently as David does;) without the aDNA but i would guess it to be Iran or nearby where good amounts of M-417* are found and also that the E European Z-93 is more or less a bunk! so the Origin of Z-93 should be in Asia where it is most diversified.